Patriot Express: SBA Should Measure The Program and Enhance Eligibility Controls

Patriot Express: SBA Should Measure The Program and Enhance Eligibility Controls

Just What GAO Found

Patriot Express loans respected at about $703 million have actually defaulted at an increased price than loans beneath the Small Business Administration’s (SBA) other associated loan guarantee programs, and losings for Patriot Express have actually surpassed its earnings. Apart from loans authorized in 2007, Patriot Express loans have actually defaulted at a greater price than loans made under SBA’s primary 7(a) program or loans made under SBA’s structured loan guarantee system (SBA Express). The Patriot Express system’s general standard price had been somewhat greater for smaller loans, specifically for loans below $25,000 (20 %). Also, one loan provider taken into account significantly more than 64 % of the smaller loans and skilled higher standard prices compared to the staying loan providers. From 2007 through 2012, losings when you look at the Patriot Express system surpassed earnings by $31.1 million ( perhaps perhaps not accounting for future cost profits or funds recovered from loans in standard).

Chosen borrowers and loan providers, in addition to veteran solution businesses GAO met with, reported different advantages and challenges towards the Patriot Express system, but SBA has yet to gauge the result with this pilot system on qualified users of the army community. Borrowers and loan providers stated that some great things about this program had been them to take advantage of the streamlined application process that it helped veterans expand their businesses and allowed. Some challenges they identified were low knowing of the system and which loan providers participated in this program. This season, SBA stretched the Patriot Express pilot through 2013 to permit time and energy to assess the aftereffect of this system. Up to now, SBA have not assessed the scheduled system or founded an idea of exactly just what it promises to do in order to evaluate it. SBA officials told us which they concentrated their resources on evaluating 7(a) loans because there are lots of a lot more of them and, consequently, they pose a larger danger to SBA than Patriot Express loans. As well as Patriot Express, SBA has formerly initiated other pilot programs so it has not yet assessed. GAO has unearthed that system assessment provides a company the chance to refine system design, assess if system operations have actually led to the required advantages, and, for pilots, see whether to really make the programs permanent. Without conducting evaluations of pilot programs, SBA does not have the information necessary to assess their performance and their impacts on eligible participants and determine whether or not to expand these programs, including Patriot Express.

SBA’s interior settings over loan providers may well not offer reasonable assurance that Patriot Express loans are just designed to qualified people in the army community and therefore only these people take advantage of loan profits. SBA depends on loan providers to verify and report debtor eligibility during the right period of loan approval. Certainly one of SBA’s settings over loan providers’ conformity with eligibility demands consist of sampling loan files during examinations associated with 7(a) program, but few Patriot Express loans are evaluated. Patriot Express is supposed to aid just qualified people in the armed forces community and SBA officials told us which they anticipate borrowers to keep eligibility following the loan is disbursed. But SBA have not developed procedures for loan providers to present assurance that is reasonable borrowers keep this eligibility. Federal interior control criteria and GAO’s fraud-prevention framework suggest that ongoing monitoring is a vital element of a fruitful control system that is internal. Without enhanced interior settings, specially with regards to track of borrowers, SBA does not have assurance that Patriot Express loans are serving only borrowers that are eligible.

Why GAO Did This Research

In June 2007, SBA established the Patriot Express Pilot Loan Program within its 7(a) loan guarantee system to present smaller businesses owned and operated by veterans as well as other qualified users of the army community access to money. Through Patriot Express, SBA guarantees individual small company loans that loan providers originate. GAO had been expected to gauge this system. This report examines (1) styles within the amount and gratification of Patriot Express and relevant SBA loan programs; (2) the result associated with the system on qualified people of the military community; and (3) SBA internal settings to ensure just eligible borrowers participate. GAO analyzed information on performance and costs of Patriot Express as well as other comparable SBA loan programs from 2007 through 2012; interviewed chosen borrowers, loan providers, and service that is veteran; and evaluated SBA interior control assistance with debtor eligibility.